In her own sanctuary high in the Pyrenees, about one hour from Barcelona, 7th - 12th century, 56 cm, painted wood, recently whitened during restoration.
Photos: Ella Rozett
Our Lady of Nuria
The Dear Dark One (La Morenita)
Queen of the Pyrenees
Patroness of Shepherds and of the Diocese of Urgel
The story begins in the 7th century with St. Gil (c.650 - c.710), a hermit who came from Athens, Greece to the Pyrenees to live in solitude. He is said to have carved this archaic statue when he spent four years in those mountains living with the local shepherds as their spiritual father and sharing with them the simple meals he cooked. When he had to flee from undisclosed enemies he closed off the entrance to his cave-hermitage to hide his 'treasure:' the statue of Our Lady, a crucifix, the bell he had used to call the shepherds to mass and to meals, and the cauldron he used to cook in. Eventually these things were forgotten.
But some time in the 11th century, a lover of the Virgin came from the Orient. He was a pilgrim from Damascus by the name of Amadeus. An angel had appeared to him in a dream, telling him to go to the Pyrenees and to build a temple to the Madonna in a place where a white stone stood between two rivers. If he dug there he would find a great treasure. When he arrived at the site, local shepherds watched him and miraculously understood when he addressed them in Syrian. He found the place he saw in his dream, built the chapel and a hermitage, but couldn't find the treasure. Seven years passed until a bull was seen beating his horns into a stone wall and roaring. (For more on the relationship between bulls and Black Madonnas see Olot.) The shepherds took this as a sign that something important was behind that wall. Busting through it, they found a cave of white stone that shone so brightly when it was lit up that it almost looked like crystal. That day too it was filled with an otherworldly light that revealed St. Gil's cherished objects.
Soon the hermitage was restored and its reputation for being a powerful holy place spread. Everything about it was considered sacred: The stone had curative properties and people pulverized it and took it as medicine. (It's all gone now.) The water from the spring next to the cave is also said to heal. The cross is said to cure eye diseases. The bell and cauldron are used in a unique fertility ritual performed by barren couples.(*1) While the woman prays and sticks her head into the cauldron, her husband carefully rings St. Gil's bell. He must be very attentive because each ring will result in a birth! When a girl is born in answer to this ceremony one is to name her Nuria, if it's a boy, Gil. There are lots of Nurias in Catalonia!
In 1075 high ranking clergymen decided to move the Dear Dark One out of the wild mountains and bring her down to the more civilized environs of Caralps. But as so often, Our Lady refused. She gradually became more and more heavy until no one could move her and the people realized that she insisted on remaining in her sanctuary. On the return journey she seemed to weigh nothing.(*2)
During the 13th century a hermit brother of the Knights Templar was guardian of the sanctuary. Centuries later, during the Spanish Civil War, it was destroyed, but Our Lady was kept safe in a Suisse Bank! After the war this holy site with its guest houses for pilgrims was restored. A Knights Templar cross still adorns the modern church.
La Morenita's feast day is September 8th. On that day a reunion of many girls and women named Nuria is celebrated. The Virgin is carried in procession from her 'temple' to the hermitage of St. Gil where her devotees sing her praises.(*3)
Tips for the pilgrim:
A cog train takes you the last bit of the way and drops you off right next to the sanctuary at the 'Vall de Nuria' station. The line begins in Ribes-Enllaç, but if you want you can drive as far up as Ribes de Freser. Nuria is not only a sanctuary but also a small ski and hiking resort. So there are hotel rooms and cafeterias available. The modern architecture is not all beautiful, but it's a magical place anyway. The Queen of Heaven rains supreme here and, as in Montserrat, you can sit and meditate right behind her throne in a room up behind the main altar.
*1: Sophie Cassagnes-Brouquet, p.201 and www.Mercaba.org
*2: Ean Begg, The Cult of the Black Virgin, London, New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, 1985, p.257.
*3: http://pirineos.com/article/articleview/1063/4/ 4. El Santuario de Nuria, entre la Leyenda y los Milagros.